In 1900 she travels to Paris for the first time where she is strongly impressed by the painting of the modern artists, most of all by Vincent van Gogh, who Paula Modersohn-Becker regards as an idol.
In 1901 she marries the painter Otto Modersohn in Worpswede. Over the following years she visits Paris for three longer stays during which she once attends the exhibition of Paul Gauguin in the Salon d'Automne in 1905. His bright colors and simple forms encourage her a great deal.
Paula Modersohn struggles to find her very own style all throughout her artist life. She cuts her own path, determined and regardless of all incomprehension and all adversaries, who scorn her and her life as an artist as unnatural, worthless and without talent. Paula Modersohn-Becker's first exhibition in the Bremen Kunsthalle is completely savaged by critics. But she keeps up painting, picture by picture, seeking her own great style.
The marriage with Otto Modersohn is not always easy. He observes his wife's artistic ambitions and her apparent failures, however, he gives her the freedom to carry on, despite suffering under her lengthy stays in Paris and the financial burden. Otto Modersohn already has a child before he marries Paula, who longs to have a child of her own. Finally, in 1907, she gives birth to a daughter, who dies shortly after birth in Worpswede on November 20, 1907.
Paula Modersohn-Becker's artist career is suddenly interrupted. Today she is regarded as one of the most important and most expressive artists of the 20th century, whose style already hints at Expressionism from an early point on.