Result (incl. 22% surcharge): 67,100 EUR / 90,585 $
Estimate: 35,000 EUR / 47,250 $
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1884 Rottluff bei Chemnitz - 1976 Berlin
Watercolor and India ink drawing.
Signed lower right, as well as with work number "6257" in lower left. Titled verso. On firm paper. 50 x 69,5 cm (19,6 x 27,3 in), the full sheet.
Accompanied by a written expertise issued by the Karl and Emy Schmidt-Rottluff Foundation, Berlin, dated 17 August, 2012. The watercolor is registered in the foundation's archive.
The painter, print-maker and sculptor Karl Schmidt was born at Rottluff near Chemnitz in 1884. His father was a miller. In 1905 he enrolled to study architecture at Dresden Technical University. The year he met Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Erich Heckel and Fritz Bleyl there, he co-founded with them the group of artists known as 'Die Brücke'. Their first joint portfolio of prints appeared in 1906. He outdid his colleagues in insisting on pure primary colors and his Expressionist paintings were dominated by forceful handling of the medium to achieve intensity and brilliance. Until 1912 he often stayed for quite some time in the Dangastermoor near Varel in Oldenburg, where he found a wealth of motifs for his landscape paintings. After moving to Berlin in 1911, he addressed himself to problems of form, developing an increasingly reductive geometric formal language, a development that was interrupted by the outbreak of war. While serving on the Eastern Front, he did a cycle of religious woodcuts in which he tried to come to terms with the horrors of war. It is regarded as his graphic masterpiece. In 1918 he returned to Berlin. During the 1920s he reverted to the work rhythm of travelling to paint during the summers and working in his studio during the winters. Stays in Pomerania, at Lake Leba in Ticino and in the Taunus Mountains as well as a stint in Rome to study at the German Academy in the Villa Massimo (1930) inspired his mature still lifes and landscapes. In 1937 his work was declared degenerate at the notorious Munich exhibition of 'Degenerate Art'. By 1941 he was forbidden to paint and was expelled from the painters' guild. After the second world war he was appointed to a chair at the (West) Berlin ’Hochschule für bildende Künste’. His late work links up, as far as motifs are concerned, with his Expressionist phase although his palette is by now more subtle and less intense.
In the arrangement of the composition, the watercolors, strongly characterized by a graphic duct hint at a wider perspective. This makes for an expression that goes far beyond the watercolors‘, which often come in small formats, actual intention. The gestural stroke of the brush, defines the form but does not lose itself in complacency, arranges space and objects and creates expression necessary to meet requirements of the overall conception. Supported by a clear use of forms and colors, the watercolor conves a message of sensual perception, executed in a freshness that will prevail in Karl Schmidt-Rottluff‘s later period of creation.
In 1956 this renewer of art, who had been an arch revolutionary in his youth, was awarded the highest (West) German distinction, the 'Pour le Mérite' order, and was honored as a classic. The Brücke Museum, which he had endowed with a collection of his works, was inaugurated in 1967. Numerous retrospectives in the Federal Republic paid tribute to this artist, who, as art historians unanimously agree, was one of the most important German Expressionists. [KD].
Woodcut in colors 1911
5,700 EUR / 7,695 $
Woodcut in colors 1917
4,300 EUR / 5,805 $