Mädchen mit viereckigem Halsausschnitt. 1876. Oil on canvas. Rohrandt G 39 (there with differing dimensions). Signed and dated in upper right. 62.6 x 44.7 cm (24.6 x 17.5 in).
We are grateful to Dr. Klaus Rohrandt, Kiel, and Dr. Mathias Listl, Kunsthalle Mannheim, for their kind support in cataloging this lot.
PROVENANCE: Collection Pagenstecher, Wiesbaden (accoridng to Beringer 1917 and ex. cat. Wiesbaden 1922). Galerie am Lenbachplatz, Friedrich H. Zinckgraf, Munich (verso of the stretcher with the gallery labe, there with hand-writen number "25399" in ink). Private collection USA.
EXHIBITION: Trübner Exhibition on occasion of the 60th birthday, Kunstverein Karlsruhe, February 2 - March 2, 1911, no. 67. Maler und Bildhauer in den Ländern am Rhein, Neues Museum, Wiesbaden, August 27 - November 26, 1922, no. 311 (from the Collection Pagenstecher). Trübner-Commemorative-Exhibition, Kunsthalle Basel, January 16 - February 13, 1927, no. 36. Maler der Westmark von Kobell bis Slevogt, Städtische Kunsthalle Mannheim, December 1, 1935 - January 12, 1936, no. 103.
LITERATURE: Selection: Julius Elias, Trübner, in: Kunst und Künstler 14, 1916, pp.187-200, here illu. on p. 190. Maximilian Milden: Aus einer Privatsammlung im neuen Museum zu Wiesbaden, in: Die Kunst für Alle 32, 1917, pp. 302-315, here illu. on p. 306. Joseph August Beringer, Trübner. Des Meisters Gemälde in 450 Abbildungen, Stuttgart and Berlin 1917, illu. on p. 80. Georg Jacob Wolf, Leibl und sein Kreis, Munich 1924, illu. on p. 66 ("Weiblicher Studienkopf").
From a deep black background Trübner works out the portrait of a grave young girl with dark fringed bangs in vibrant brushstrokes. Dressed in a dark robe that blends in with the background, Trübner put main focus on the girl's pale face. A white frill collar on her dress's squared neckline serves as a sort of frame within the picture. Influence of the Leibl circle with its expressive alla-prima-painting can be observed in Trübner's development as of the 1870s, which went hand in hand with a rejection of academic traditions. According to the Leibl expert Georg Jacob Wolf, Trübner made this work offered here not so much with the intention of creating a portrait but to render a specific type that was very popular with members of the Leibl circle. [FS]