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Auguste Herbin

Herbin

1882 Quiévy
1960 Paris

Auguste Herbin, the son of a workman, was born in a small village near the Belgian border on 29 April 1882. This background is reflected in the northern French artist's painting with its rational approach and explicit working class character. Before settling in Paris, where he first joined the Impressionists and later the Fauves, Herbin attended the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Lille from 1900 onwards. His studio was situated directly next to Braque's and Picasso's, allowing a close study of Cubism, which resulted in first Cubist paintings in 1913. In 1917 he moved on to an abstract, geometric phase before gradually discovering Constructivism. There was a short interruption in this development in 1922 when the painter briefly returned to figurative painting. In 1929 Herbin was a co-founder of the 'Salon des Surindépendants'. Two years later he founded the artist association 'Abstraction-Création' together with Vantongerloo with whom he published the group's Almanach until 1937. After the war the artist was the co-founder and vice president - from 1955 also the president - of the 'Salon des Réalites Nouvelles'. From 1938 his interest in the Italian Trecento led Herbin to a more concrete, strictly two-dimensional painting style with simple geometric forms. In 1946 he developed the 'alphabet plastique', a compositional system based on the structure of letters. He published this compositional system as well as his colour theories - partly derived from Goethe's 'Farbenlehre' - in his 'L'art non-figuratif non-objectif' in 1949. A lateral paralysis in 1953 forced the artist to learn painting with his left hand. Herbin's typical architectural approach and his colour effects made his pre-war work widely known in the international art world - a success which continued after the war. Herbin exhibited works at the documenta in the years 1955 to 1972. There was a large show at the Guggenheim Museum in New York in 1979 and he had works in the exhibition 'Positionen unabhängiger Kunst in Europa um 1937' at the Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen in Düsseldorf in 1987. Herbin died in Paris on 31 January 1960. One painting remained unfinished - it was called 'Fin'.

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Auguste Herbin

Herbin, Auguste

Auguste Herbin - La Place Maubert

Sale 269 - May 17, 02
Lot 27
Oil on canvas 1907
115,000 EUR / 150,650 $
sold
Details in German

Herbin, Auguste

Auguste Herbin - Stillleben mit Silberblatt (Nature morte au monnaie du pape)

Sale 386 - Dec. 10, 11
Lot 3
Oil on canvas 1904
73,200 EUR / 95,892 $
sold
Details

Herbin, Auguste

Auguste Herbin - Pots et fruits

Sale 345 - June 04/05., 08
Lot 101
Oil on canvas 1910
50,400 EUR / 66,024 $
sold
Details in German

11 more sold lots