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Sale: 455 / Art of the 19th Century, Nov. 24. 2017 in Munich Lot 19

 
Lot description
Arnaute buvant. 1856.
Oil on panel , cradled.
Upper left signed and dated. 24 x 17.8 cm (9.4 x 7 in).
Verso twice with the hand-written inventory number "B.V-C. 28384" of Galerie Boussod, Valadon & Cie, Paris. [CB].

PROVENANCE: Collection Petr (Pierre) Botkine (1865-1933), Russian diplomat, among others, at the consulate in Brussels.
Galerie Boussod, Valadon & Cie, Paris (successor of Adolphe Goupil & Cie, Paris).
Collection Baron H.[?] de Westenholz, Hamburg (acquired from aforementioned in 1905, cf. gallery's account book, Digitalisat Dealer Stock Books, Getty Research Center, Los Angeles - this presumably is Albert Wilhelm Westenholz (1879-1939)).
Private collection Southern Germany.

Called up: November 24, 2017 - ca. 16.13 h +/- 20 min.

Essay
Jean-Léon Gérômes oriental subjects predominantly comprise harem- and slave market scenes, everyday scenes, landscapes and religious ceremonies as well as scenes from Napoleon Bonaparte’s campaign in Egypt. The French campaign in Egypt and Syria (1798-1801) was well documented by numerous accompanying drawers and painters. Even though the campaign failed, it was glorified in arts, which led to a fascination for Egypt in France that was reflected in arts, architecture, arts and crafts, music and theater over decades. A little later it also spilled over to England and Germany. Just as it was the case with many artists from the following generations, the Egyptomania also caught on with Gérôme. After his early years had been coined by an academic Classicism, he turned to Orientalism after his first journey to Egypt in the mid 1850s. However, we would soon distance himself "from the conventions of a romantic-visionary picture of the Orient and develop a rather impersonal ethnographic Hyperrealism based on scores of drawings, sketches, photographs he had made on his journeys. His fine and smooth treatment of the image surface and the almost photographic account of details create an impression of an utmost reality and demonstrate, in competition with photography, a new definition of a reality of painting with an empirical orientation." (AKL). This becomes obvious in our painting, which shows one of the artist’s most favorite motifs: the Arnaut. The word, borrowed from Turkish, describes an Albanian soldier in service of the Osman army. In the late 18\up6 th century they fought against the French troops in Egypt, where they eventually found a new home. Gérôme rendered even the smallest detail of the costume with great accuracy, showing his deep fascination for the proud Arnauts. The best known version of the theme is Gérôme’s painting "Arnautes jouant aux échecs", today in possession the Wallace Collection in London.
19
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Arnaute buvant, 1856.
Oil on panel
Estimate:
€ 25,000 - 35,000

 
$ 29,250 - 40,950

+
 


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Jean-Léon Gérôme - Arnaute buvant - Frame image
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Buyer's premium, taxation and resale right apportionment for Jean-Léon Gérôme "Arnaute buvant"
This lot can be purchased subject to differential or regular taxation.

Differential taxation:
Hammer prices up to € 500,000: 32 % buyer's premium
Hammer prices above € 500,000: for the share up to € 500,000: 32%, for the share above € 500,000: 27% buyer's premium
The buyer's premium contains VAT, however, it is not shown.

Regular taxation:
Hammer prices up to € 500,000: 25 % buyer's premium plus statutory sales tax Hammer prices above € 500,000: for the share up to € 500,000: 25%, for the share above € 500.000: 20% buyer's premium, each plus statutory sales tax

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Resale right apportionment:
Objects made by artists who have not died at least 70 years ago are subject to a resale right apportionment of 1.5% plus statutory sales tax.