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Sale: 380 / Modern Art, June 04. 2011 in Munich Lot 23

Emil Nolde - Marschlandschaft mit Bauernhof und Heudiemen

Lot description
Signed lower right. On delicate paper. 34,8 x 45,7 cm (13,7 x 17,9 in), the full sheet
With collector's stamp of the Foundation Seebüll Ada and Emil Nolde (not in Lugt) and with number "F a 14".
The depicted house presumably is Nolde's farmstead, Hof Seebüll.

Accompanied by a photo expertise from Dr. Manfred Reuther, Foundation Seebüll Ada and Emil Nolde, dated 27 November 2002.

PROVENANCE: Galerie Margret Heuser, Düsseldorf.
Private collection Rhineland.

Emil Hansen was born near the German-Danish border on 7 August 1867. He adopted the name of his birth town as his artist name at a later date. Nolde completed an apprenticeship as a furniture designer and wood carver in Flensburg between 1884 and 1888 and then worked for various furniture factories in Munich, Karlsruhe and Berlin. He was employed as a teacher of industrial drawing at the Gewerbemuseum (Industrial Museum) in St. Gallen in 1892, where he taught until 1898. There, where at first mainly landscape watercolors and drawings of mountain farmers emerged, Nolde became known through small colored drawings of Swiss mountains. Nolde finally moved to Munich after deciding to become a painter, but the academy under Franz von Stuck dismissed him. He joined Adolf Hölzel in Dachau in 1899 to become his pupil and went to Paris in 1900 to increase his knowledge at the Académie Julien. Nolde studied the Neo-Impressionists Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch and James Ensor, which, around 1905, gradually led him away from his early Romantic Naturalism and to the discovery of his own style with a strong emphasis on color, colorful and glowing flower pictures came into existence. During a sojourn in Alsen in 1906 Nolde met the painters of 'Die Brücke', a group he joined briefly in the same year. A series of portrait studies marked the artists discovery of the watercolor. Nolde's first attempts in 1909 at painting in this technique on non-absorbent paper, leaving large areas of the paper uncovered and dispensing with contours, were quite revolutionary. After a dispute with Max Liebermann, Nolde was excluded from the 'Berliner Sezession' and founded together with other dismissed artists the 'Neue Sezession' in 1910 and participated in their exhibition until 1912. Less fascinated by the city-life of Berlin, which he recorded in expressionistic pictures, than by primitivism, Nolde painted still lives with exotic figures and mask pictures. He returned from an expedition to New Guinea in 1913 with lots of study material, which he worked up in numerous works until 1915. Since 1916, he spent his summers on the island Föhr and settled in Seebüll in 1928.

There is a high degree of empathy and a special connection with the landscape of his homeland East Friesland that enables Emil Nolde to see it as a source for his rich artistic creation. This actually rather barren northern landscape, which is subject to a permanently changing light, inspired Nolde to make so many atmospheric works that they make for the lion’s share of his artistic creation. The high sky with the ever motif of clouds above the plains, in which every elevation is something spectacular, is the core theme of almost all these works. The sky’s dramatic play determines the painting’s dramatic expression, this delivers proof of Nolde’s great artistic empathy that he shows for his homeland’s landscape. Changing atmospheres of daylight and weather – in this work the sun illuminates the hayracks from the side in front of the dark towering clouds – are the basic tone of these Friesian landscape compositions, despite all their seeming repetition, they are never limited to any kind of bromidic Naturalism.

Defamed during the war and banned from exhibiting his works since 1941, Nolde spent the years 1939 to 1945 in Seebüll painting his 'unpainted paintings', more than 1000 small watercolors, which he took on in his oil paintings after 1945. In his last years, primarily watercolors with flower and landscape motifs from the neighborhood of his house in Seebüll, where Nolde died on 13 April 1956, came into existence. [KD].

Emil Nolde
Marschlandschaft mit Bauernhof und Heudiemen, 1930.
€ 180,000 / $ 203,400
€ 286,700 / $ 323.970

(incl. 22% surcharge)

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