Sale: 406 / Modern Art, June 08. 2013 in Munich Lot 84

 

84
Otto Freundlich
Lichtkreise (Kosmischer Regenbogen), 1922.
Pastel
Estimate:
€ 18,000 / $ 20,340
Sold:
€ 27,500 / $ 31.074

(incl. 25% surcharge)
Lichtkreise (Kosmischer Regenbogen). 1922.
Mixed media with gouache and Pastel.
Heusinger von Waldegg 228. Barely legibly monogrammed "F." lower left. Signed and dated "Juni 1922" on frame covering and dedicated "Herrn und Frau Dr. Julius Wissinger herzlichst zu Eigen". On firm laid paper. 30,5 x 20,8 cm (12 x 8,1 in), the full sheet.
Very few works expressing Otto Freundlich's groundbreaking concept of colors in such a clear manner have been on the market. Just 2 works from the early 20s have been offered in international auctions over the past 15 years. (Source: www.artprice.de).

PROVENANCE: Helene & Julius Wissinger (received as gift from the artist in June 1922).
Private ownership Berlin.

EXHIBITION: Otto Freundlich 1878-1943. Gemälde, Graphik, Skulpturen, Wallraff-Richartz-Museum, Köln May - June1960, cat. no. 7.
Otto Freundlich. Ein Wegbereiter der abstrakten Kunst , Museum Ostdeutsche Galerie, Regensburg September -October 1994, with illu. p. 126.
Otto Freundlich und die rheinische Kunstszene, August Macke Haus, Bonn, September 2006 - January 2007, with illu. p. 202.

Otto Freundlich was one of the earliest abstract artist. He first studied dentistry and art history in Munich and Berlin before deciding to become an artist. He studied in Berlin in 1907/08. A first trip to Paris in 1908 led him to join the Avant-garde artist circles on Montmartre. After returning to Germany Freundlich tried unsuccessfully to open his own painting school in Munich. He spent most of the years 1910 - 1914 in Paris. He exhibited in the shows of the 'Neue Sezession' in Berlin, the Cologne 'Sonderbund' exhibition in 1912 and in the 'Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon' in 1913. Between 1914 and 1924 he lived mostly in Cologne and Berlin. A special edition of the Expressionist journal 'Die Aktion' about Freundlich's work was published in September 1918. Shortly afterwards he joined the 'November Gruppe', an artist group founded in Berlin and in 1919 he organized the first Dada exhibition in Cologne together with Johannes Theodor Baargeld and Max Ernst.

Otto Freundlich put down everything in this color-intensive work which seemed to be the essence of abstraction to him, by not regarding it as mere formal design. Otto Freundlich attained to express this striving in the composition’s inner metaphysic. The aspect of the technical ingenuity that Freundlich pursued is particularly interesting in this context. The work’s lucent color is proof thereof. By merging pastel and gouache he creates color accords of a striking radiant energy, that are supported by the color field’s amorphic margins.

When he returned to Paris in 1925 Freundlich joined the artist group 'Abstraction-Création', which he left again in 1934. The rise of the National Socialists in 1933 put an end to Freundlich's close links with German art circles. His works were removed from German museums, his sculpture 'Der neue Mensch' (The New Man) was chosen for the cover of the exhibition 'Degenerate Art'. The outbreak of the war initiated an odyssey through various French internment camps. Freundlich was denunciated at the beginning of 1943 in a small village in the Pyrenees. He died on the day he arrived in the concentration camp Majdanek. [KD].




84
Otto Freundlich
Lichtkreise (Kosmischer Regenbogen), 1922.
Pastel
Estimate:
€ 18,000 / $ 20,340
Sold:
€ 27,500 / $ 31.074

(incl. 25% surcharge)