Sale: 400 / Modern Art, Dec. 08. 2012 in Munich Lot 99

 
99
Lyonel Feininger
Schiffe auf See, 1953.
Pen and India ink drawing
Estimate:
€ 20,000 / $ 22,800
Sold:
€ 41,480 / $ 47.287

(incl. 22% surcharge)
Lot description
Schiffe auf See. 1953.
Watercolor and Pen and India ink drawing over charcoal drawing.
Signed and dated lower left. On laid paper. 19,7 x 26,7 cm (7,7 x 10,5 in). the full sheet.

Accompanied by a photo expertise issued by Achim Moeller, New York from 13 June, 2012. The work is registered in the archive of the The Lyonel Feininger Project LLC, New York, under the number 1155-06-13-12.

PROVENANCE: Private collection Munich.
Private collection Germany.

Lyonel Feininger was born on 17 July 1871 as the son of a concert violinist of German origin and a singer and pianist. He followed his parents to Europe in 1887, where he first attended the drawing and painting class at the Gewerbeschule in Hamburg and later studied at the Königliche Kunst-Akademie in Berlin from 1888 to 1892. Then followed one year in Paris where he attended the private art school of the Italian sculptor Filippo Colarossi. Feininger returned to Berlin in 1893, where he earned a living mainly as an illustrator until 1906. He spent the following two years in Paris where he met the 'Café du Dôme'-circle of German Matisse pupils as well as Robert Delaunay. He became a member of the 'Berliner Sezession' in 1909, exhibiting at their show for the first time one year later. The artist travelled to Paris in 1911 for his exhibition at the 'Salon des Independants'. Here he had his first encounter with Cubism. His acquaintance with Alfred Kubin and the 'Brücke' painters Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and Erich Heckel opened up new perspectives for his own work in 1912. He began making his first architectural compositions with the typical Cubist fragmentation. In 1913 Franz Mark invited Feininger to participate in the 'Erster Deutscher Herbstsalon' at Herwarth Walden's 'Sturm'-Galerie in Berlin, which also organised Feininger's first one-man exhibition in 1917. Walter Gropius called him to the 'Bauhaus' in Weimar in 1919, where he taught graphic art and painting until 1926. Together with Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee and Alexej von Jawlensky Feininger founded the artist group 'Die Blauen Vier' in 1924. A first comprehensive retrospective exhibition took place in 1931 at the Kronprinzen-Palais in Berlin, where the artist moved in 1933. Feininger emigrated to New York in 1937. In the same year the National Socialists confiscated more than 400 of his works. Feininger's artistic breakthrough in the US only came in 1944 with a retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. In 1945 Feininger ran a summer course at the Black Mountain College in North Carolina, where he met Gropius and Einstein. His teaching, his writing and his later watercolors were an important source for the development of Abstract Expressionism in America.

In memory of the happy years in Germany before the brutal reign of the Nazis, Lyonel Feiniger resorted to these motifs even after he had returned to the U.S.A. The Baltic landscapes with their high sky still inspired Feininger to ever new interpretations, even in the 1950s. It is the sea’s calmness that adds an melancholia atmosphere to this composition. Alone the high sky and its clouds make for drama in the scene. A subdued coloring in shades of brown and gray underlines this work’s atmosphere, an atmosphere that emanates a longing for lost paradises. [KD].

99
Lyonel Feininger
Schiffe auf See, 1953.
Pen and India ink drawing
Estimate:
€ 20,000 / $ 22,800
Sold:
€ 41,480 / $ 47.287

(incl. 22% surcharge)