Sale: 400 / Modern Art, Dec. 08. 2012 in Munich Lot 20

 
20
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Zwei Modelle im Atelier, 1908.
Colored chalk drawing
Estimate:
€ 60,000 / $ 68,400
Sold:
€ 85,400 / $ 97.355

(incl. 22% surcharge)
Lot description
Zwei Modelle im Atelier. Um 1908/09.
Colored chalk drawing.
With estate stamp of the Kunstmuseum Basel (Lugt 1570b) and the hand written registration number "Fs Dre/Bg 42" on verso. On light board. 43 x 34,5 cm (16,9 x 13,5 in), size of sheet.

PROVENANCE: Private collection Northern Germany.

Kirchner studied architecture in Dresden where he met and worked with Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. After finishing his studies, however, he opposed his father's wishes and decided to become a painter. The intense artistic and intellectual relationship between the four artists soon led to the formation of the artist group 'Die Brücke', which, according to Schmidt-Rottluff, wanted to "attract all revolutionary and restless forces". The artists began to work on the ‚Viertelstundenakte', drawings on nude models in the studio or in open nature. At first the group oriented itself to artists from Late Impressionism. The discovery of the Fauves, South Seas' art and van Gogh led the painters to Expressionism.

"Naked people Menschen in free motion were the central theme for the artists of the group 'Brücke'. It was not about studying ideal figures in an academic manner, their intention was to render real life in their art, and this could be achieved best by examining natural motion of naked people. They met with their girlfriends in their studios, where they also lived. Artistic work was a part of their personal everyday life. Scenes of several naked men and women are among Kirchner’s most frequent motifs in drawings from the years 1908 to 1911." (Tranl. Of quote after: Lucius Grisebach, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 1880 - 1938, Cologne 1995, p. 23). The spontaneity is increased by the expressive usage of color chalk.

Due to the encounter with Italian Futurist works, the group's painting style changed and became ‚tougher'. Kirchner studied the sculptures at the Völkerkundemuseum in Dresden, which influenced his own wood sculptures. In 1911 Kirchner moved to Berlin. Here Kirchner discovered new motifs - city and street scenes. He painted them in a simplified manner, with sharply contoured forms, expressive features and clashing colors. The city paintings became incunables of Expressionism and made Kirchner one of the most important German artists of the 20th century. The beginning of world war I and the following years were a turning point in his life. The war experiences and military service caused an existential angst and led to illness and long stays in sanatoriums. The more remarkable was his artistic production of that time. Works like the woodcut ‚Frauen am Potsdamer Platz' , the ‚Bilder zu Chamisso's Peter Schlemihl', the self-portraits and woodcut pictures from the sanatoriums, which are counted among the highlights of his ½uvre, came into existence. In 1917 Kirchner settled in Frauenkirch near Davos. The city scenes were now replaced by mountain landscapes and scenes of rural life. Around 1920 his painting style calmed down, his paintings had a carpet-like two dimensionality. Beside Kirchner also produced an extensive graphic work - wood cuts, lithographs and ink drawings. In 1923 Kirchner moved to the ‚Haus auf dem Wildboden' at the entrance of the Sertig Valley where he lived and worked until he committed suicide in 1938. [JG]

20
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Zwei Modelle im Atelier, 1908.
Colored chalk drawing
Estimate:
€ 60,000 / $ 68,400
Sold:
€ 85,400 / $ 97.355

(incl. 22% surcharge)