Sale: 484 / Art of the 19th Century, May 24. 2019 in Munich Lot 34

 
34
Johan Barthold Jongkind
L’Escaut près d’Anvers, 1869.
Oil on canvas
Post auction sale: € 18,000 / $ 20,340
Lot description
L’Escaut près d’Anvers. 1869.
Oil on canvas.
Stein 583. Signed and dated "7.69." in lower left. 50.4 x 81 cm (19.8 x 31.8 in).

PROVENANCE: Auction of works from the Collection Louis Sarlin, Paris, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, auction on March 2, 1918, lot 55 (with illu.).
Galerie Hector Brame, Paris (1924).
Galerie E. J. van Wesselingh & Co, Amsterdam.
Gleeson, Ottawa (1928). [?]
Private collection.
Galerie Koller AG, Zürich.
Private collection Lower Saxony (acquire from aforementioned, copy of invoice from November 11, 1981 at hand).
Private collection Lower Saxony (gifted from aforementioned in 2003).

LITERATURE: M. F. Hennus, J. B. Jongkind, Amsterdam 1945, p. 41 (cf. Stein).

Essay
The Dutchman Johan Barthold Jongkind is regarded the "innovator of the modern landscape between Corot and Monet" (Paul Signac: Jongkind, Paris 1927). Jongkind's artistic career beganin 1837 at the Drawing Academy in The Hague where he studied under Andreas Schelfhout. In terms of subject matter and composition, Jongkind's early works with canals, mills and coastal sections were clearly oriented towards traditional Dutch painting of the 17th century. However, the light treatment and the lively interest in the atmospheric portrayal already reveal a more modern approach. In 1845 the French painter Eugène Isabey invited him to his Parisian studio. Jongkind followed the call and became his student in the following year. In Paris he was part of the scene of well-known artists like Daubigny, Baudelaire, Rousseau and Corot. He made views of the river Seine and the Notre Dame district, with which Jongkind was quite successful. From 1848 he exhibited regularly in the Paris Salon. Due to an addiction to alcohol and a depression, failed exhibitions and the withdrawal of his scholarship, times of financial hardship followed and Jongkind was eventually forced to return to his home country Holland. However, he kept in touch with his contacts in Paris, which ultimately led to Jongkind's rehabilitation. In a kind of charity auction 23 artist friends, including Corot, Daubigny and Diaz, donated pictures that paid off Jongkind's debts. In 1860 Jongkind returned to Paris and a new creative period commenced. Largely liberated from the influence of the Old Masters he attained his very own style. The resulting images are characterized by short and spontaneous brushstrokes, which led to particularly vivid pictorial effects and earned Jongkind a reputation as a pioneer of Impressionism. In 1862 Jongkind went to Normandy where he met Boudin, Monet and Bazille at the farmstead Saint-Siméon, which was a meeting point for artists. For his direct observation of nature and the loose presentation of light, water and air, Jongkind became a role model for younger artists. Watercolors were mainly created plein-air, while the artist still executed his oil paintings in the studio. This way Dutch views based on old studies and made from memory can be found all the way into the artist’s late period of creation. In 1869, the year in which our work with a view of the port of Antwerp was created, the artist lived in his native land. Jongkind spent the last 20 years of his life in Nivernais and Dauphiné. He traveled to Belgium, Southern France and Switzerland, where he mades everal works, mainly watercolors. Technically, Jongkind became more experimental at that point, he integrated the the paper tone into his works and enhanced the watercolors with gouache. Jongkind died in La Côte-Saint-André in the department of Isère on February 9, 1891. [FS]
34
Johan Barthold Jongkind
L’Escaut près d’Anvers, 1869.
Oil on canvas
Post auction sale: € 18,000 / $ 20,340
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Buyer's premium, taxation and resale right apportionment for Johan Barthold Jongkind "L’Escaut près d’Anvers"
This lot can be purchased subject to differential or regular taxation.

Differential taxation:
Hammer prices up to € 500,000: 32 % buyer's premium
Hammer prices above € 500,000: for the share up to € 500,000: 32%, for the share above € 500,000: 27% buyer's premium
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Regular taxation:
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Resale right apportionment:
Objects made by artists who have not died at least 70 years ago are subject to a resale right apportionment of 1.5% plus statutory sales tax.