Sale: 520 / Evening Sale, June 18. 2021 in Munich Lot 352

 
352
Willi Baumeister
Mit rotem Kreis I, 1951.
Oil with synthetic resin on fiberboard
Estimate:
€ 60,000 / $ 72,000
Sold:
€ 175,000 / $ 210.000

(incl. 25% surcharge)
Lot description
Mit rotem Kreis I. 1951.
Oil with synthetic resin on fiberboard.
Beye/Baumeister 1715. Signed and dated "1.51" in lower right. Verso signed, dated, titled and inscribed with the dimensions and "nach Berlin". 65 x 81 cm (25.5 x 31.8 in).
This work is the first of two versions with different titles (cf Beye/Baumeister 1716). The works can be assigned to the "Mogador" cycle. [CH].
• In private southern German ownership for over 40 years.
• Fine surface appeal due to the grainy structure.
• Due to the connection of dotted lines and colored areas, it can be assigned to the group of "Mogador" pictures.
• For the first time exhibited the year it was made.
• In the original frame.
• A year later the artist participated in the 26th Venice Biennial and in 1955 in documenta I
.

We are grateful to Felicitas Baumeister and Hadwig Goez, Archive Baumeister, Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, for the kind support in cataloging this lot.

PROVENANCE: Collection Eline and Maxwell S. McKnight, Scarsdale/New York (inscribed with the collectors' names on the reverse by a hand other than that of the artist).
Private collection (acquired from the above in 1979, Galerie Wolfgang Ketterer, November 26, 1979).
Ever since family-owned.

EXHIBITION: Erste Ausstellung, Deutscher Künstlerbund, Hochschule für Bildende Künste, Berlin, August 1 - October 1, 1951, cat. no. 13 (with remains of an old exhibition label on the reverse).
Hommage à Günther Franke, Museum Villa Stuck, Munich, July 1 - September 18, 1983, cat. no. 3, p. 29 (with illu.).

LITERATURE: Will Grohmann, Willi Baumeister. Leben und Werk (with catalog raisonné), Cologne 1963, cat. no. 1281 (with illu.).
Galerie Wolfgang Ketterer, Munich, 36th auction, November 26, 1979, lot 137, p. 33 (with color illu.).
"In my eyes, the name Baumeister occupies an extremely important place among the modern German artists. In fact, if you look at his work, Baumeister represents German art of an international character. His artistic development was always closely related to art of all times and people - from the Assyrians to Paul Klee, Kandinsky and Miró. And he [..] resolutely went a very independent and characteristic path. "
Fernand Léger, in: L’age Nouveau 44, Paris 1949, quote from: Ex. cat. Willi Baumeister, Kunstverein Brunhwick, 1977, p. 44.

Essay
With his diverse work cycles, some of which running parallel, and continuously developed abstractions, Willi Baumeister had received great international recognition even before the war. Influenced by contemporaries such as Oskar Schlemmer, Baumeister found his own way into abstraction during these years. In 1930 he exhibited for the first time at the 27th Venice Biennial. The post-war period can thus be described as another high point in the artist's career. In 1955, 1959 and 1964 he exhibited at documenta 1, II and III, and in 1948, 1952 and 1960 he was represented at the Venice Biennial. In 1957, Baumeister's works were presented in the large overview exhibition "German Art of the Twentieth Century" at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. With its ‘fragment character‘ this work from the "Mogador" cycle (1950/51) references the "Afrika" pictures largely because of a similar arrangement of the figures, the dark, sharply contoured symbols, the light background applied in spatula technique and the cheerful colors. Baumeister connects the manifold shapes in strong, rich and fresh colors, sometimes with soft and delicate borders but also with sharp contours, with filigree, at times dotted lines and sets the luminous elements against a white background - similar to planets and star constellations within a cosmos. With a completely de-individualized canon of forms and the same, undeviating consistency as, for example, Fernand Léger, Baumeister created an imposing oeuvre that is also symptomatic of the German post-war period. With its particularly clear expression, the work offered here visualizes this timeless image effect in an utterly astonishing manner. [CH]
352
Willi Baumeister
Mit rotem Kreis I, 1951.
Oil with synthetic resin on fiberboard
Estimate:
€ 60,000 / $ 72,000
Sold:
€ 175,000 / $ 210.000

(incl. 25% surcharge)