Sale: 540 / Evening Sale, June 09. 2023 in Munich Lot 31


Erich Heckel
Fränzi liegend, 1910.
Woodcut in colors
€ 120,000 - 180,000

$ 132,000 - 198,000

Fränzi liegend. 1910.
Woodcut in colors.
Gabelmann/Ebner 422 H. Dube H 188. Signed and dated. On wove paper. 20.3 x 41.7 cm (7.9 x 16.4 in). Sheet: 45,5 x 56 cm (17,9 x 22 in).

• An incunable of the new "Brücke" style.
• "Fränzi" is far more than just a model: She is an icon.
• Copies of the woodcut are in renowned collections like the MoMA, the Städel Museum in Frankfurt am Main and the Museum Folkwang in Essen

We are grateful to Dr. Peter Fuhring, Fondation Custodia, Paris, for his kind expert advice.

PROVENANCE: Collection of Elisabeth Furtwängler (1910-2013), Clarens, Switzerland (with the collector's stamp on the reverse).
Serge Sabarsky Collection (1912-1996), New York.
Serge Sabarsky Estate, New York.
Vally Sabarsky Collection (1909-2002), New York.
Vally Sabarsky Foundation, New York.

EXHIBITION: Graphik des deutschen Expressionismus, Künstlerhaus Vienna, May 15 - June 17, 1984, cat. no. 70.
Graphik des deutschen Expressionismus, Neuer Sächsischer Kunstverein Dresden, April 14 - May 15, 1991/ Angermuseum Erfurt, May 23 - June 23, 1991/ Staatliches Lindenau-Museum, Altenburg, July 7 - September 1, 1991/ Kunsthalle Rostock, September 19 - October 27, 1991/ Staatliche Galerie Moritzburg, Halle, December 8, 1991 - January 19, 1992/ The National Museum, Cracow, January 31 - February 23, 1992/ Städtische Galerie Rosenheim, March 4 - April 12, 1992 Märkisches Museum, Witten, and others, cat. no. 74.
Graphik der Brücke, Martinskirche, Müllheim, January 15 - March 12, 1995.
Erich Heckel - Die frühen Jahre. Zeichnungen, Aquarelle, Graphik, Städtische Galerie Bietigheim-Bissingen, July 8 - September 10, 1995/ Stadt Rosenheim January 12 - February 18, p. 85.

Called up: June 9, 2023 - ca. 18.00 h +/- 20 min.

Erich Heckel's woodcut "Fränzi liegend" (Fränzi reclined) undoubtedly is an incunable of the new "Brücke" style: Full concentration on the line, two-dimensional physicality and a strong contrast, as well as an emphasized graphic printing process. From a single block of wood, he coarsely carved out the shapes with the exception of a few concentrated lines, to indicate her body and facial features. He then used a jigsaw to cut out three separate areas around the body, which were taken out to be colored separately. After inking, the colored and black parts were reassembled and printed in one go. This process avoids overlaps in the edges and creates a flat print image. In 1910, Heckel, Kirchner, Schmidt-Rottluff and Pechstein had finally attained the typical two-dimensional "Brücke" style. Lina Franziska Fehrmann (1900–1950), known as Fränzi, is depicted in the present woodcut. She was about eight years old when she met the "Brücke" artists in Dresden. Erich Heckel moved into his studio there at the end of October 1910. Starting that year, Fränzi appeared as a motif in a wide range of poses executed in all techniques. The popularity of the still very young girl was tremendous, she seemed to embody the idea of the life-reform in the sense of a return to nature and the depiction of the natural. "Fränzi" is a leitmotif, she stands for everything the "Brücke" was about: art liberated from traditional academic rules, art that is directly connected to life and creation. Erich Heckel's catalogue raisonné lists a total of 35 prints that show Fränzi reclined, including 3 prints only in black, 27 in black and red and 5 in black and blue. It appears that only a very small number of these were printed immediately after the block had been completed in 1910. The few prints from the time of origin are characterized by a very lively print image and an irregular application of the color. They have a strong "workshop character" and show that Heckel was more interested in the printing process than the finished sheet itself. The four impressions of which we can say with some certainty that they were printed in 1910, were all printed in black and red. They are irregular, almost carelessly colored and clearly show the application of paint by hand or with a brush. The paper shows significant handling marks, such as fingerprints and accidental brush strokes in the edges. All other known prints, including the five blue prints, were probably printed in the 1920s and 1930s - not an unusual method for Heckel. These later prints are characterized by less internal structure and more homogeneous color areas, as in our copy in a particularly rich red. Erich Heckel's depictions of the young girl Fränzi Fehrmann have made the motif an icon, and with "Fränzi liegend" he created one of the most beautiful graphic sheets of Expressionism. [SM]


Buyer's premium, taxation and resale right compensation for Erich Heckel "Fränzi liegend"
This lot can be subjected to differential taxation plus a 7% import tax levy (saving approx. 5 % compared to regular taxation) or regular taxation, artist‘s resale right compensation is due.

Differential taxation:
Hammer price up to 800,000 €: herefrom 32 % premium.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 800,000 € is subject to a premium of 27 % and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 800,000 €.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 4,000,000 € is subject to a premium of 22 % and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 4,000,000 €.
The buyer's premium contains VAT, however, it is not shown.

Regular taxation:
Hammer price up to 800,000 €: herefrom 27 % premium.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 800,000 € is subject to a premium of 21% and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 800,000 €.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 4,000,000 € is subject to a premium of 15% and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 4,000,000 €.
The statutory VAT of currently 19 % is levied to the sum of hammer price and premium. As an exception, the reduced VAT of 7 % is added for printed books.

We kindly ask you to notify us before invoicing if you wish to be subject to regular taxation.

Calculation of artist‘s resale right compensation:
For works by living artists, or by artists who died less than 70 years ago, a artist‘s resale right compensation is levied in accordance with Section 26 UrhG:
4 % of hammer price from 400.00 euros up to 50,000 euros,
another 3 % of the hammer price from 50,000.01 to 200,000 euros,
another 1 % for the part of the sales proceeds from 200,000.01 to 350,000 euros,
another 0.5 % for the part of the sale proceeds from 350,000.01 to 500,000 euros and
another 0.25 % of the hammer price over 500,000 euros.
The maximum total of the resale right fee is EUR 12,500.

The artist‘s resale right compensation is VAT-exempt.