Sale: 555 / 19th Century Art, June 08. 2024 in Munich Lot 324


Hans Thoma
Im Garten, 1877.
Oil on cardboard, laminated on panel
€ 25,000 - 35,000

$ 26,750 - 37,450

Im Garten. 1877.
Oil on cardboard, laminated on panel.
Lower left monogrammed and dated. Exhibition label and label of Georg Schäfer Collection, Schweinfurt, numbered "22068017" on the reverse. 99 x 79.5 cm (38.9 x 31.2 in).

• Rare elegant social scene in the work of the great landscape artist, with impressionist influence in terms of motif and style
• Thoma stages the idyll of an intimate get-together in the seclusion of a summer garden in nuanced, deep and varied shades of green
• Important provenance: formerly in the collection of Carl Ludwig "Achaz" Duisberg, actor, director and theater director in Berlin

We are grateful to Tanja Baensch, Kunsthalle Karlsruhe, for kindly providing information on the provenance.

PROVENANCE: Collection of Carl Ludwig "Achaz“ Duisberg, Berlin-Zehlendorf (until 1940: Hans W. Lange).
Georg Schäfer Collection, Schweinfurt (with the label).
Private collection Baden-Württemberg.

EXHIBITION: Freie Künstlervereinigung Baden-Baden, Deutsche und Schweizer Kunst, April 1911 (no catalog).
Hans Thoma, 1839-1924. Commemorative exhibition on occasion of the 100th birthday, Kunsthalle Karlsruhe, July 2 - August 21, 1939, no. 88 (fig.).
Träume verwehen nicht. Die Idylle: eine Bildform im Wandel zwischen Hoffnung und Wirklichkeit, 1750-1930, Städtisches Museum Leverkusen, Schloss Morsbroich, Leverkusen, December 20, 1986 - February 22, 1987; Kunsthalle Kiel, March 1 - April 15, 1987, cat. no. 57 (fig.).
Hans Thoma 1839-1924. Gemälde und Zeichnungen aus der Sammlung Georg Schäfer Schweinfurt, Altes Rathaus, Schweinfurt, October 21 - February 26, 1989; Städtische Kunstsammlungen, Augsburg, December 9, 1989 - February 4, 1990; Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe, February 17 - April 8, 1990, Kunsthalle Kiel, April 16 - May 27, 1990, cat. no. 14 (fig.).

LITERATURE: Kunstchronik: Wochenschrift für Kunst und Kunstgewerbe, N.F. 22.1911, col. 348.
Der Cicerone: Halbmonatsschrift für die Interessen des Kunstforschers & Sammlers, 3.1911, p. 306.
Hans W. Lange Berlin, Verschiedener Kunstbesitz – die kunstgewerblichen Bestände der Firma E. Kahlert & Sohn, i. L., Berlin - Chinasammlung O., Bremen: Auction on June 18, 19 and 20, 1940, lot 123 (fig.).
Gotthart Frühsorge, Die Kunst des Landlebens: vom Landschloss zum Campingplatz. Eine Kulturgeschichte, Munich/Berlin 1993, p. 237 (fig.).

Called up: June 8, 2024 - ca. 14.32 h +/- 20 min.

In front of a protective hedge of foliage in the corner of a garden, Thoma presents a scene full of quiet intimacy and family harmony. A young man and two young women have gathered on the curved, elegant chairs and benches; nothing disturbs the evening atmosphere. In the foreground, close to the figures, the finely worked detail of three small sparrows emphasizes the peacefulness of the scene, free of any disturbance - an idyll that immortalizes the atmosphere in the picture, almost outside of time and space in its seclusion. The viewers are not noticed by the figures; one gets the feeling as if hiding behind a hedge and quietly turning one's gaze into the greenery so as not to disturb the gathering. Embedded in the retreat of the garden, Thoma shows the figures in front of dense foliage in full summer splendor. It is precisely this use of different shades of green that is typical of Thoma's work; it is one of the central characteristics of his coloring and shows the great, spiritually understood importance that Thoma attaches to nature and all living things. In June 1876, Thoma stayed in Schaffhausen in Switzerland near Lake Constance, where his mother and sister had moved for some time. It was there that he created the garden scene of which he himself wrote: "In Schaffhausen, I painted a garden landscape with three figures in my cousin's garden [..]" (Thoma, Im Winter des Lebens, 1919, p. 72). The theme of the society piece, or "conversation piece", is a rarity in Thoma's work. It refers to art historical traditions of the 18th century in England, but also in France, where Watteau's "fêtes galantes" elevated human togetherness to the content of the picture. The relationships between the figures depicted become a motif, as later revived by French Impressionism in particular. It is possible that Thoma also processed his impressions of his trip to Paris in April-May 1868, where he visited Gustave Courbet's studio and studied the paintings in the Louvre. In terms of motif and color, the off-white dress, the gray-brown and black accents, the back figure of the young woman is particularly reminiscent of Courbet's palette, but also refers to the early Impressionist painting of Edouard Manet, whom Thoma admired. In addition to landscapes set in a rural and simple milieu, a bourgeoisie note can be heard here, in which fine civilizing conventions are at work. The young man sits somewhat awkwardly opposite the two women; the viewer can see his gaze resting on the woman sitting opposite him. Meanwhile, the little sparrow on the ground observes the two others, not unencumbered by symbolic content. One might think of a young man in an encounter with the feminine, fascinated yet shy in his approach. In this large-format painting, Thomas's fine observations and atmospheric qualities, as well as his human empathy are particularly evident. [KT]


Buyer's premium and taxation for Hans Thoma "Im Garten"
This lot can be purchased subject to differential or regular taxation.

Differential taxation:
Hammer price up to 800,000 €: herefrom 32 % premium.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 800,000 € is subject to a premium of 27 % and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 800,000 €.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 4,000,000 € is subject to a premium of 22 % and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 4,000,000 €.
The buyer's premium contains VAT, however, it is not shown.

Regular taxation:
Hammer price up to 800,000 €: herefrom 27 % premium.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 800,000 € is subject to a premium of 21% and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 800,000 €.
The share of the hammer price exceeding 4,000,000 € is subject to a premium of 15% and is added to the premium of the share of the hammer price up to 4,000,000 €.
The statutory VAT of currently 19 % is levied to the sum of hammer price and premium. As an exception, the reduced VAT of 7 % is added for printed books.

We kindly ask you to notify us before invoicing if you wish to be subject to regular taxation.