Sale: 550 / Evening Sale, June 07. 2024 in Munich Lot 123001422


123001422
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Jeunes femmes dans un jardin, 1895.
Oil on canvas
Estimate:
€ 250,000 - 350,000

 
$ 267,500 - 374,500

Information on buyer's premium, taxation and resale right compensation will be available four weeks before the auction.
Jeunes femmes dans un jardin. 1895.
Oil on canvas.
With several hand-written and typographic numbers, the inscription "PH", an old label inscribed by hand and numbered "671" in typography on the reverse. 46 x 55 cm (18.1 x 21.6 in).

• Elegant Parisian park scene - emblematic of Impressionism.
• One of the Renoir's preferred motifs: created in the garden of Château Brouillard in Montmartre, Paris, next to which Renoir lived at the time.
• Reminiscent of the elegance of the Rococo and characterized by French lightness of the famous "fêtes galantes" of Watteau or Fragonard.
• Created in the happy, family days following the marriage to his model Aline and the birth of their son Jean.
• After he had overcome a crisis in the mid 1890s, Renoir reinvented himself in pastel, bright colors and pure painting
.

Accompanied by a photo expertise issued by François Daulte, Lausanne, dated July 20, 1989 and an expertise issued by Guy Wildenstein, Wildenstein Institute, Paris, from April 24, 2015.
The Wildenstein Plattner Institute, Paris, has included the work into the forthcoming digital catalogue raisonné of Pierre-Auguste Renoir's works.

PROVENANCE: Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris, marked "PH" on the reverse).
(probably) Davidson, Coe Kerr, New York.
Lawrence O'Hana Gallery, London (acquired from the above, ca. 1952).
Private collection (acquired from the above, ca. 1957).
Private collection Europe.
Private collection Switzerland.
Private collection Baden-Württemberg.

EXHIBITION: Collection David et Ezra Nahmad: Impressionisme et audaces du XIXème siècle, Musée Paul Valéry, Sète, June 29 - Ocotber 27, 2013, pp. 111f., cat. no. 28 (fig.).

LITERATURE: Guy-Patrice Dauberville, Michel Dauberville, Renoir. Catalogue raisonné des tableaux, pastels, dessins et aquarelles, vol. 3: 1895-1902, Paris 2010, p. 186, cat. no. 2028 (fig.).
Ambroise Vollard, Tableaux, pastels et dessins de Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Paris 1918, t. I, p. 166, no. 655 (fig.).
Ambroise Vollard (ed.), Pierre-Auguste Renoir – Paintings, pastels and drawings, San Francisco 1989, p. 166, no. 655 (fig.).
Christie’s, London, Impressionist and modern paintings and sculpture, auction April 3, 1989, lot 14 (fig.).
"The way that Watteau created the grace of women in the 18th century, Renoir accomplished the same in the 19th century."
Octave Mirbeau, art critic, in: Notes sur l'art: Renoir, in: La France, December 8, 1884, p. 2

This small painting, made in the garden of the Château Brouillard in Montmartre, Paris, with its airy colors applied in a gentle and floating style evokes a spring-like atmosphere. As of 1890, Renoir and his family resided in one of the adjoining buildings, accessible through the large gate across the garden of the house known as the "Château". On April 14, he married Aline Charigot, his former model, and their first son was born in 1885. His second son Jean, who would later make a career as a film director, was born there in 1894. The 1890s also marked the beginning of a new stylistic phase in Renoir's oeuvre, which was to define his work until his death. After a creative crisis caused by doubts in the expressive means of Impressionism, he returned to his creative roots. Having come to Paris with his family as a child, he had initially trained as a porcelain painter at one of the famous Parisian manufactories. His repertoire was dominated by floral pieces and pastoral scenes. The beginning of his important role as a co-founder of Impressionism was marked by his time in Charles Gleyre's studio, where he met Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley and Frederic Bazille. The young painters quickly turned their backs on academia and, with their landscapes and scenes of entertainment venues in and around Paris, laid the foundations for the movement that was nicknamed Impressionism at the first exhibition in 1874 with the participation of Paul Cézanne, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot, Camille Pissarro and Alfred Sisley. Famous works such as "Dance at the Moulin de la Galette" 1876 (Musée d'Orsay, Paris) or "Breakfast of the Rowers" 1880/81 (Phillips Collection, Washington D.C.) demonstrate, above all, Renoir's commitment to elegant park scenes and casual leisure activities. However, in terms of tradition and self-conception of French art, such scenes are by no means an invention of the 19th century. The models of the Ancien Régime, such as Antoine Watteau with his "fêtes galantes" and Fragonard with his park scenes, are always present in Renoir's pictorial repertoire, not least because of his training as a porcelain painter. With soft, tender strokes and dabbed color accents, he renders his idea of the relaxed park scene in which the young girls have settled down on dainty chairs in a leafy corner of the garden. The carefree self-indulgence on a Sunday in nature, captured in bright, pastel colors, thus emerges as a new defining subject in Renoir's creative phase at that time. [KT]



123001422
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Jeunes femmes dans un jardin, 1895.
Oil on canvas
Estimate:
€ 250,000 - 350,000

 
$ 267,500 - 374,500

Information on buyer's premium, taxation and resale right compensation will be available four weeks before the auction.