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Arne Jacobsen

Arne Jacobsen

*  1902 Kopenhagen
† 1971 Kopenhagen

The Danish architect and designer Arne Jacobsen was born in Copenhagen in 1902. After training as a stonemason,Arne Jacobsen studied architecture at the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademie in Copenhagen until 1927. After finishing his studies, Arne Jacobsen worked in the practice of the architect Paul Holsoe. In 1929 Arne Jacobsen opened a practice of his own in Hellerup. As early as 1925 Arne Jacobsen showed a chair of his design at the important "Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes" in Paris, where he was awarded as silver medal for it. Arne Jacobsen is still best known for the chairs he designed. For the firm of Fritz Hansen, Arne Jacobsen designed the Model No. 3100 "Ant" chair (1951/52), which owes its name to its nipped-in back and thin tubular steel legs. In 1958 Arne Jacobsen designed the "Egg" and the "Swan", seat furniture originally destined for the interior of the Royal SAS Hotels in Copenhagen but now 20th-century design classics. As an architect, Arne Jacobsen was a pioneering exponent of Modernism and introduced it in Denmark. In 1929 Arne Jacobsen joined Flemming Lassen in co-designing the "House of the Future" for a competition. The "House of the Future" was conceived as a round, flat-roofed structure of glass and concrete. In 1930 the functionalist Rothenborg House was built, which Arne Jacobsen planned and furnished as a total work of art - like most of his buildings. Between 1931 and 1934, Arne Jacobsen designed the buildings for the "Bellavista" settlement in Copenhagen, with which he cemented his renown as an architect working in the International Modern style. Another major work by Arne Jacobsen is the Royal SAS Hotel in Copenhagen (1956-1960), for which he designed not only the seat furniture mentioned above but the entire interior down to the last detail, including lighting, cutlery, and ashtrays. From 1956 until 1965 Arne Jacobsen was professor of architecture at the Skolen for Brugskunst in Copenhagen. Arne Jacobsen was not only one of the most renowned Danish designers; he united the functional objectivity of Modernism with organic natural forms.